Do genetics influence athletic ability?

Have you ever wondered how the best athletes in the world became so good?

How can Usain Bolt dart over the track at the speed of light (well, he doesn't quite sprint at 299,792,458 metres per second, but he's close, right?)

So, how about Michael Phelps? Is he dolphin-half? Or did he simply have a brilliant instructor from a school of fish?

Can genetic tests predict athletic performance?

It would appear that 'practice makes perfect,' but is it the only factor that influences whether or not someone is skilled at a specific sport? Is it possible to be "born good"?

DNA testing has been increasingly popular among sports teams, coaches, and athletes in recent years. Although it is a contentious issue, the notion of using genetic information to predict athletic ability is an attractive one from a scientific viewpoint.

Each of us has a unique, distinct, and immutable DNA structure that influences us in many diverse ways. Some of us excel at running, while others are unable to metabolize gluten and suffer from excruciating hangovers from the tiniest amount of alcohol. However, simply having the appropriate DNA does not necessarily help you live your life or improve your talents.

Understanding your DNA and how it impacts you allows elite athletes to capitalize on their genetic proclivities and, as a result, increase their physical ability.

But what if you don't have the money to get your DNA tested?

Adapting your training to your existing physical shape, or somatotype, is a free approach to test and enhance your athletic performance.

A somatotype is another synonym for 'body type,' and the Heath-Carter formula defines three distinct somatotypes: ectomorph, endomorph, and mesomorph. People are virtually always a blend of the three sorts, despite the fact that there are three distinct types. Furthermore, individuals may frequently teach their bodies to shift between the various kinds.

What are the three somatotypes?

ECTOMORPH: This body type is characterized by a slimmer frame and little body fat. They have a high metabolism yet struggle to gain muscle, resulting in flat chests and weak muscular definition.

ENDOMORPH: In many respects, this body type has the most difficult task. They have "stockier" rounder bodies that can readily put on fat and muscle, but shedding that weight might be tough owing to their slower metabolism.

MESOMORPH: The mesomorph has a muscular body shape that is more triangular than the others. They have a quick metabolism as well as highly sensitive muscular cells that allow for rapid and well-defined muscle development.

This is significant because each somatotype reacts differently to the same physical exercise and nutrition. If you want to be a good athlete, you need tailor your training to the body types you most identify with; otherwise, you risk putting in a lot of effort for little return.

So, it's not only knowing about your DNA that may help you become a good athlete; in many situations, you'll unintentionally train in methods that fit your genetics simply because you receive the best results. Not to mention the degrees of practice, talent, and technique required for each sport.